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What Is Tobramycin and Dexamethasone Used For?

Available by prescription, tobramycin and dexamethasone is a drug used for treating certain eye problems where a steroid is needed to reduce inflammation and an antibiotic is needed to fight a potential infection. The medication is approved for adults and children as young as two years old. There are currently no approved off-label uses for this medication.

An Introduction to the Uses of Tobramycin and Dexamethasone

Tobramycin and dexamethasone (Tobradex®) is a prescription eye medication. It contains both an antibiotic (to fight infection) and a steroid (to reduce inflammation).
Tobramycin and dexamethasone is approved to treat eye problems where a steroid is necessary and where there is a risk for infection (or if there is already an infection). This medication is commonly used after eye surgeries or procedures, but it can also be used in other situations (such as after an eye injury).

How Does Tobramycin and Dexamethasone Work?

Tobramycin and dexamethasone contains two active ingredients -- tobramycin and dexamethasone. Tobramycin belongs to a class of antibiotics known as aminoglycosides. Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid (often known simply as a "steroid") that works by decreasing inflammation.
Because dexamethasone also interferes with the body's defense mechanisms that fight off infections, it is often a good idea to use dexamethasone in combination with an antibiotic (such as tobramycin), especially if there is already an infection present or if there is a risk for infection.

Can Children Use It?

This medication is approved for use in children as young as two years old. It has not been adequately studied in younger children. Talk with your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of using tobramycin and dexamethasone in children.
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